POP, the mini pill

The progestogen-only pill contains a very small dose of the hormone progestogen.

  • A small pill (containing progestogen only) is taken orally each day to prevent pregnancy
  • Safe, effective and convenient
  • Available only by prescription
  • Can be used while breast feeding
  • Can be used for women who cannot take oestrogen

More Information

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What is the POP?

Sometimes called the mini-pill, the POP releases progestogen, the synthetic version of progesterone, a hormone which is naturally produced by the body.

How does it work?

  • thickens the mucus of the cervix so that sperm cannot enter the uterus (womb) is the main effect
  • changes the lining of the uterus, making it unsuitable for pregnancy

What are the advantages of the POP as a method of contraception?

  • contains a very low dose of hormone
  • reversible and rapid return to usual fertility
  • side effects are rare
  • can be taken by women who are unable to take the combined contraceptive pill because of health problems or side effects with oestrogen

What are the disadvantages of the POP as a method of contraception?

  • it must be taken at the same time every day to be effective
  • in younger women, it may be less effective than other hormonal methods
  • unpredictable bleeding pattern (see side effects)

Possible side effects

Side effects are uncommon but may include:

  • menstrual irregularities are common in POP users and represent the most frequent cause for contraceptive discontinuation
  • follicular ovarian cysts – usually there are no symptoms and do not require treatment

Is the POP suitable for all women?

Most women can safely use the POP. The POP may be PARTICULARLY SUITABLE for women who:

  • cannot take oestrogen
  • are breastfeeding
  • are over 35 and smoke
  • prefer an oral method of progestogen contraception

Who cannot take the POP?

Women who have:

  • severe liver disease
  • severe arterial disease
  • malabsorption syndrome
  • breast cancer
  • irregular vaginal bleeding which has not been investigated

What do I need to know about starting the POP?

Starting the POP for the first time requires an assessment by a doctor and a prescription.

What do I need to know about the ongoing use of the POP?

All pills in a POP packet are active pills. There is no pill-free break or non- hormonal pills. The pill should be taken at the same time every day or within 3 hours of that time. To renew your POP prescription you will need to see a doctor for review at least once a year.

A back-up contraceptive (eg, condoms) should be used for at least two days if the POP is taken more than three hours late or forgotten on any given day.