Australians enjoy one of the highest life expectancy rates in the world.

On average, Australian men can expect to live past 80 years, compared to Australian women who can expect to live 84 years. Australians, especially those from diverse groups, experience conditions that affect their health differently throughout the life span. For the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population born in 2010–2012, life expectancy was estimated to be 9.5 years lower for females (73.7 compared with 83.1); and 10.6 years lower than that of the non-Indigenous population for males (69.1 years compared with 79.7).

The main health problems for Australian women & men are:

  • Coronary heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease
  • Lung cancer
  • Breast cancer / Prostate cancer
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (includes conditions such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis)
  • Influenza
  • Diabetes
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Depression/anxiety

It has been reported that 76% men and 78% women of the Australian population suffer from one or more long term conditions that affected their health for six months or more. The four main causes of mortality and morbidity (the incidence of ill health in the population) in Australia are:

  • Cardiovascular disease (CVD): stroke, heart attack and hypertension
  • Cancer : lung, breast, skin, prostate and cervical
  • Injuries : motor vehicle accidents, suicide and poisonings
  • Respiratory diseases : emphysema, bronchitis and asthma



"Australian Demographic Statistics." 3101.0. Australian Bureau of Statistics, 26 June 2015. Web. 7 Sept. 2015.

"Deaths." Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Australian Government, 2015. Web. 7 Sept. 2015.